Andamans.
English Sea Holly.

Ayurvedic Krishna Saraiyaka. (Blue-flowered Katasaraiyaa.)

Siddha/Tamil Kollimulli.

Folk Hargozaa.

Action Decoctionóantacid (used in dyspepsia with acid eructations), also diuretic (used in dropsy and bilious swellings). Aerial parts show effect on nictitating membrane. The root is a cordial attenuant and is used in debility associated with asthma, paralysis, leucorrhoea.
The air-dried plant contains an alkaloid, acanthicifoline, and a flavone.
Achillea millefolium Linn. Synonym A. lan ulosa Nutt.

Habitat The western Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon.
English Milfoil, Yarrow, Thousand Leaf.
Unani Biranjaasif. National Form ulary of Unani Medicine also equates Leon urus cardica
Linn. (Labiatae) with Biranjaasif.
Folk Gandana, Rojmari.
Action Anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic (used in cold, flatulent colic, heartburn), emmenagogue, cicatrizant, antidysenteric, antihaemorrhagic, antipyretic, diaphoretic, diuretic, urinary antiseptic.
Key application In dyspeptic
ailments, such as mild, spastic discomforts of the gastrointestinal tract. As astringent, antispasmodic, choleretic, antibacterial.
(German Commission E.) As diaphoretic. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.) Internally for feverish conditions, common cold and digestive complaints; topically for slow-healing wounds and skin inflammations. (The British Herbal Compendium.)
The plant contains flavonoids, al kaloids (achffleine), polyacetylenes, triterpenes, coumarins, tannins, salicylic acid, a volatile oil containing linalool, camphor, sabinene, chamazulene and other azulenes.
Sesquiterpene lactones are bitter and tonic. Achffleine helps arrest internal and external bleeding. Flavonoids contribute to the antispasmodic action.
The flavonoid apigenin is anti-inflammatory, antiplatelet and spasmolytic. Alkaloids and bases are antiinflammatory. Alkaloid betoncine is

†††† Family Compositae; Asteraceae.

Achyranthes aspera Linn. 11

haemostatic. Salicylic acid is antiinflammatory. Chamazulene is anti- inflammatory and antiallergenic. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herbís Identification and Usage