mixed with sugar, are given for menorrhagia. Roots—astringent, haemostatic. Seeds—emetic; used for biliousness. Essential oil— antifungal.
Key application As astringent, emetic. (Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
Along with other therapeutic appli cations, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of the whole plant in lipid disorders and obesity, the root for its blood-purifying property.
The plant juice and ash are used for treating bleeding piles. An aLkaline powder of the plant is used in preparing Kshaarasutra of Ayurvedic medicine, which is recommended for treating fistula-in-ano.
The whole plant contains the ailcabids achyranthine and betaine. Achyranthine, a water-soluble alkaloid, is
12 Achyranthes bidentata Blume
reported to dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, decrease heart rate and increase the rate and amplitude of respiration. It also shows spasmodic effects on the rectus muscle of frog, diuretic and purgative action in albino rats.
The presence of ecdysterone and oleanolic acid is also reported in the root.
The ashes of the plant yield large quantities of potash. The seeds yield saponins and oleanolic acid and its ester.
The presence of tannins and glycosides is also reported in the plant.
Dosage Whole plant—20—30 g for decoction. Root—5—l0 g. (API
Vols. II, III.) Ash—500 mg to 2 g. (CCRAS.)
Achyranthes bidentata Blume
Habitat The temperate and subtropical Himalayas from Kishtwar to Sikkim at 1,200—3,200 m, Khasi hills.
Ayurvedic Shveta Apaamaarga. (Rakta Apaamaarga is equated with Achyranthes rubra-fusca
Hook. f. and A. verschaffeltii Lam., synonym Iresine herbstii Hook. f.)
Action Astringent, diuretic, spasmolytic. Plant is given in whooping cough, roots in hemicrania.
A water-soluble oligosaccharide, composed of six glucose units and
three mannose units, has been isolated from the roots. It enhanced immune response and prolonged survival time of mice bearing Ehrlich carcinoma.
The roots contain free oleanolic acid (0.096%) and its saponins (1.93%). An alcoholic extract of the root