showed presence of amino acids, steroids, tnterpenoids, alkaloids and coumarins. The seeds afforded achyranthin.
Extract of the plant—antimicrobial.
Aconitum atrox
(Bruchi) Mukherjee.
Synonym Aconiturn balfourii Stapf.      Family Ranunculaceae.
Habitat The sub-alpine and alpine Himalayas between 3,300 and
3,900 m.
Ayurvedic Vatsanaabha (related sp.).
Folk Banwaa.
Action Poisonous, highly toxic.
Air-dried roots contain 1.2% total alkaloids of which pseudoaconitine is
0.4%. Pseudoaconitine is biologically 1.5 times as active as aconitine.
(A. atrox is a poisonous species and is one of the common constituents of Aconiturn ferox of commerce.)
Aconitum chasmanthum
Stapfex Holmes.
     Family Ran unculaceae.
Habitat The western Himalayas from Hazara to Kashmir and

Aconitum falconeri Stapf. 13

Chamba in Himachal Pradesh, between altitudes of 2,100 m and 3,600 m.
English Indian Napellus.
Ayurvedic Visha, Shringika-Visha, Vatsanaabha (related sp.).
Folk Mohri, Meethaa Zahar.
Action Sedative, antirheumatic, analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrhoeal. Ayurvedic Form ulary of India, Part I and Part II, equated A. chasmanthum with Vatsanaabha. (See A. ferox.) It has the same uses as A. ferox. The alkaloid content of the root ranges from 2.98 to 3.11%; includes chasmaconitine and chasmanthinine.
Napellus, equated with
Aconitum napellus Linn., is indigenous to Central Europe (named after the Black sea port Aconis and known as Wolfsbane, Monkshood). Aconitum of homoeopathic medicine is an alkaloid obtained from the roots and stems of A. nepellus. Used as an analgesic and sedative. It contains terpenoids up to 1.2%, including aconitine and aconine.
Toxic constituents of
A. napellus are aconitine, mesaconitine, hypaconitine, 3-acetylacoitine,

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage