externally as an application for rheumatism.

Aconitum spicatum Stapf.

     Family Ranunculaceae.

Habitat The alpine zone of the
Himalayas of Sikkim and Chumbi.
Principal source of Bikh or Bish of
Kolkata market.
English Nepal Aconite. Ayurvedic Vatsanaabha (related
Action Antipyretic, analgesic.
The roots yield 1.75% of alkaloids which contain mainly pseudo aconitine and bikhaconitine.
Aconitum violaceum
Jacq. ex Stapf.


     Family Ranunculaceae.

16 Acorus calamus Linn.

Habitat The alpine zone of the Himalayas from Gilgit to Kumaon.
Ayurvedic Vatsanaabha (related sp.).
Folk Tilia Kachnaag, Dudhia. Action Nervine tonic.
Air-dried roots of the plant are reported to contain 1% indaconitine.

Acorus calamus Linn.

     Family Araceae.

Habitat Wild and cultivated
throughout India in damp marshy places from 900 to 1,800 m; common in Manipur and Naga Hills.
English Sweet Flag, Calamus.
Ayurvedic Vachaa, Ugragandhaa, Ugraa, Golomi, Shadgranthaa, Shataparvaa, Tikshnagandhaa, Kshudra-patra, Maangalyaa, Ghorbach.
Unani Waj-e-Turki, Waj.
Siddha/Tamil Vasambu.
Action Rhizome—nervine tonic, hyp otensive, tranquilizer, sedative (with neuroleptic and antianxiety properties), analgesic, spasmolytic, anticonvulsant; used for bronchial catarrh, chronic diarrhoea and dysentery.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage