A number of coumarins (including xanthotoxol and alloimperatorin methyl ether), flavonoids (including rutin and marmesin), alkaloids (including alpha-fagarine), sterols and essential oils have been isolated from plant parts. Pectin is an important constituent of the fruit.
Alkaloid aegeline, present in the leaves, is efficacious in asthma. The active principle in aqueous extract of leaf shows hypoglycaemic activity similar to insulin. Leaves are also given in jaundice. Alcoholic extract of seeds shows antiallergic activity.
Marmin, a coumarin isolated from the roots, shows anti-inflammatory effects experimentally. Marmin also inhibited gastric haemorrhagic lesions in rats and exhibited antiulcer effects. Seed oil showed beneficial effects in regeneration of tumour cells.
Aurapten is found to be the most potent inhibitor ofheart rate. Rootbark is used for palpitation of the heart.
Dosage Pulp of unripe or half
ripe fruit—3 g powder. Root—6 g powder.
(API Vols. I, III.)
Aerva javanica
(Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult.
Synonym A. persica (Burm.f.) Merill
A. tomentosa Frosk.
     Family Amaranthaceae.
Habitat Punjab, Central and Peninsular India.


22 Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult.

English Javanese Wool Plant. Siddha/Tamil Perumpoolai.
Folk Dholphuli, Khul. Paashaanabheda (southern India).
Action Anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anticalculus, insecticidal. Wooly seeds are used against rheumatism.
The plant extract contains ascorbic acid, kaempferol, beta-amyrin and beta-sitosterol. The leaves also contain sitosterol and its glucoside.
Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult.
     Family Amaranthaceae.
Habitat The warmer parts of India, ascending to 1,000 m.
Ayurvedic Paashaanabheda. Gorakshaganj aa, Aadaanpaaki, Shatkabhedi.
Siddha/Tamil Sirupeelai.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage