Unani Ghaafis.

Folk Belu.

Action Astringent, anti- inflammatory, hepatic, cholagogue, diuretic, mild haemostatic, antibacterial. Used for irritations and infections of the intestinal tract, gallbladder diseases, hyperacidity, colic, urinary disorders (bed- wetting, incontinence), sluggish liver, mucus membrane inflammations; externally for ulcerated

and discharging skin, psoriasis and seborrhoic eczemas.
Key application In mild, nonspecific, acute diarrhoea and in inflammation of oral and
pharyngeal mucosa; as astringent.
(German Commission E, The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
The herb contains condensed tannins up to 8%, coumarins, flavonoids (glucosides of luteolin, apigenin and quercetin), p olysaccharides, volatile oil. Luteolin 7-glucoside shows a cholegogic action. Aqueous extracts inhibited Mycobacterium tuberculosis, also strains resistant to streptomycin and p-aminosalicylate. Essential oil is antibacterial, active against Bacillus subtilis.
The ethanolic extracts of the herb are used for their antiviral properties. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Coumarins interact with anticoagulants, and drugs that increase the risk of bleeding Furanocoumarin content increase photosensitivity. (Sharon M. Herr.)
Agropyron repens Beauv.
Synonym Triticum repens L.
†††† Family Gram ineae; Poaceae.
Habitat The western Himalayas and Kashmir at altitudes between 2,700 and 3,600 m.
English Couch grass, dog grass, wheat grass.
Action Demulcent (used in cystitis, nephritis), aperient,

Ailanthus glandulosa Desf. 27

diuretic and urinary antiseptic, anticholesterolaemic.
Key application In irrigation
therapy for inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract and for the
prevention of kidney gravel.
(German Commission E, The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.) It is
contraindicated in oedema due to cardiac or renal insufficiency.
The juice of rhizomes is used for cystitis, nephritis, scirrhous liver; decoction for tonsils and as an

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herbís Identification and Usage