Family Sterculiaceae.
Habitat Throughout the hotter and moister parts of India, from Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, eastwards to Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura, ascending to 1,200 m, southwards in Peninsular India.
English Perennial Indian Hemp, Devil’s Cotton.
Ayurvedic Pishaacha Kaarpaasa, Pivari.

Unani Ulat-kambal.

Siddha/Tamil Sivapputtuti. Folk Kumal, Sanukapaasi.

Action Rootbark—emmenagogue (used for dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhoea), abortifacient, galactotrophic.
The root contains abromine (betame), friedelin, abromasterol, abromasterol A, choline, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol and octacosanol. Leaves, reported to be useful in treating uterine

Abutilon indicum Linn. Sweet. 3

disorders, contain taraxerol, its acetate and lupeol.
Dosage Leaf juice—l0—20 ml.
Rootbarkpowder—3—6 g.
Abrus precatorius Linn.
Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Throughout the country, ascending to an altitude of about 1,050 m in the outer Himalayas.
English Indian Wild Liquorice, Jequirity, Crab’s Eye, Precatory Bean.
Ayurvedic Gunjaa, Gunjaka,
Chirihintikaa, Raktikaa, Chirmiti, Kakanti, Kabjaka, Tiktikaa, Kaakananti, Kaakchinchi. (Not to be used as a substitute for liquorice.)
Unani Ghunghchi, Ghamchi.
Siddha/Tamil Kunri.
Folk Chirmiti, Ratti.
Action Uterine stimulant, abortifacient, toxic. Seeds—teratogenic. A paste of seeds is applied on vitiigo patches.
Along with other therapeutic applications,
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India has indicated the use of seeds in baldness.
Seeds contain abrin, a toxalbumin, indole derivatives, anthocyanins, sterols, terpenes. Abrin causes agglutination of erythrocytes, haemolysis and enlargement of lymph glands. A non- toxic dose of abrin

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage