The gum contains galactose; l-arabinose, l-rhamnose and aldobiouronic acids, also arabinobioses.
The flowers contain flavonoids— kaempferol-3-glucoside, iso- quercitrin and leucocyanidin.
Dosage Stembark—20—30 g for decoction. (API Vol. I.)

Habitat Drier regions of India, particularly Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan.
English Cutch tree, Catechu.
Ayurvedic Khadira, Kadara, Somavalka, Gaayatri, Dantdhaavan, Kantaki, Raktasaara (heartwood extract).
Unani Khair, Kaat, Katthaa (heartwood extract).
Siddha/Tamil Karunkaali
(bark), Kalippakku, Kadiram.
Katthakkaambu, Kaasukkatti
(heartwood extract).
Action Cutch from wood— powerful astringent (in urinary and vaginal discharge), antidiarrhoeal, haemostatic; used for treating excessive mucous discharges, haemorrhages, relaxed conditions of gums, throat and mouth, stomatitis, irritable bowel; also used as an antileprotic drug.
Along with other therapeutic applications,
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of dried pieces of heartwood in inflammations, skin diseases and urinary disorders, recommends its use as a blood purifier, in diseases caused by lipid disorders.
Cutch (the concentrated extract) contains tannins 2—20%, catechin 25— 33%, phiobatannins including catechutannic acid 20—50%; flavonoids including quercetin, quercitrin, fisetin; gums, resins, pigments. The gum from
A. catechu is a good substitute for Gum arabic.


Acacia canescens Grab.      Family Mimosaceae.
Habitat Bihar and South India.
Ayurvedic Aadaari (related sp.)
Folk Ar Araara.
Action See
A. torta.
Acacia catechu (Linn. f.) Willd.

     Family Mimosaceae.

6 Acada chundra Wilid.

Seed extract—hypoglycaemic to normal albino rats, but not effective in diabetic rats. The saline extract

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage