Sesamum indicum Linn.
Synonym S.
orientale Linn. Family Pedaliaceae.
Habitat Uttar Pradesh, Madhya
Pradesh, Rajasthan, Onissa, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.

English Sesame, Gingelly. Ayurvedic Tila, Snehphala.

Unani Kunjad,Til.

Siddha Ellu (seed), Nallennai (oil). Action Seeds—an important
source of protein; also rich in
thiamine and niacine. Nourishing, lactagogue, diuretic, laxative, emollient. Powdered seeds—given internally in amenorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea. (Black seeds are preferred in Indian medicine.) Paste is applied to burns, scalds, piles. Leaves—used in affections of kidney and bladder. Bland mucilage is used in infantile diarrhoea, dysentery, catarrh and bladder troubles, acute cystitis and strangury.
Non-saponifiable fraction of the seed oil gave sterols, a lignans, sesamin and a nitrolactone, sesamolin. Sesamin and sesamolin are not found in any other vegetable oil. Sesamin is present in a concentration of 0.5 to 1.0%. The oil from the white seeds from West Bengal and Assam is reported to contain about 2.5% sesamin. Sesamol, a phenolic antioxidant, is present in traces.



Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage