ripe ones. Air-dried leaves and fruits contain 0.26 and 0.14% of alkaloids, respectively.
See S.
indicum Linn.
Solanum albicaule
Kotschy ex Dunal.
Family Solanaceae.
Habitat Saurashtra (Gujarat) and Rajasthan.
Ayurvedic Brihati (related species). Folk Narkanta (Rajasthan). Action A decoction of the plant
is prescribed for the treatment of ulcers.

See S. indicum Linn.

Solanum aviculare Forst. f.

Family Solanaceae.

Habitat Introduced to Kashmir for experimental cultivation.
Ayurvedic Kantakaari (related species).
Action An important source of solasodine, a nitrogen analogue of diosgenin and one of the starting materials for the synthesis of
corticosteroids and other steroidal hormones.
See S.
xanthocarpum.
The leaves, stems, flowers and green fruits contain the glycoalkaloid, solasonine, of which solasodine is the aglycone. Besides solasonine, the plant

contains solamargine and solasodamine. The average alkaloidal content (calculated as solasodine) of leaves collected from Kashmir, is reported to be 0.3% (dry weight basis).

Solanum dubium Fresen.

Family Solanaceae.

Habitat Sandy coast of Saurashtra (Gujarat).
Ayurvedic Kantakaari (related species).
Action Seeds are soaked and eaten in Africa for the treatment of venereal diseases.
See S.
xanthocarpum.

Solanum dulcamara Linn.

Family Solanaceae.

Habitat The temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim at altitudes of 1,200ó2,400 m.
English Woody Night Shade, Bittersweet, Bitter Nightshade, Felonwort.
Ayurvedic Kaakamaachi-vishesha, Valli-kantakaarikaa.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herbís Identification and Usage