Synonym S. dffusum (Roxb. ex Sm.) Santapau & Wagh
Family Umbellferae; Apiaceae.
Habitat Outer hills of the Himalayas in Kumaon and in the plains from Punjab to Bengal, and in Tamil
Nadu and Mysore.
Ayurvedic Vanya-yamaani.
Action Seeds—stimulant, anthelmintic (used for round worms), carminative.
Seselin, isolated from the seeds, exhibited significant and dose-dependent anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan-induced acute inflammation in rats. It also exhibited significant analgesic activity and was found to be safe in oral doses up to 6 g!kg (body weight) in 72 h mortality test in mice.
A sample of commercial oil, available as Ajmod Oil, is reported to contain (+)-limonene (50%), seselin, (—)- beta-selinene and beta- cyclolavendulic

acid.

Seseli sibiricum Benth. ex C. B. Clarke

Family Umbellferae; Apiaceae.
Habitat Jammu and Kashmir at altitudes of 2,500 to 3,500 m.

602 Setaria italica (Linn.) Beauv.

Ayurvedic Bhuutakeshi. Selinum sp. are also known as Bhuutakeshi.
Action Used for mental disorders as a tranquilizer. Volatile oil— hyp otensive.
The volatile oil, distilled from the root, contains alpha-and beta-pinene, myrcene, limonene, p- cymene, betaphellandrene (major constituent), fenchone, fenchyl alcohol and acetate, fenchyl hydroxy cinnamate, osthol, phydroxy cinnamate (0.1%), sesibricin, imperatorin and bergapten.
The volatile oil from aerial parts causes a fall in blood pressure, vasoconstriction and stimulation of respiration. The action appears to be tranquilizing. It potentiates the effects of pentobarbital in rats and has no anticonvulsant activity Smooth muscle activity is inhibited by the oil and negative inotropic and chronotropic effects are observed on heart muscle.
Setaria italica (Linn.) Beauv.
Family Gram ineae; Poaceae.
Habitat Cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
English Italian Millet, Fox-tail Millet.
Ayurvedic Kangu, Kanguni, Kangunikaa, Priyangu Dhaanya (Millet). (Priyangu, aromatic flower buds or seed kernels, is a different drug. Callicarpa macrophylla and Prunus mahaleb are equated with Priyangu.)

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage