Action Plant—used as a sedative to the gravid uterus. Grain—used for alleviating pain after parturition.
Applied externally in rheumatism.
(The grain is reported injurious to horses. Overfeeding affects kidneys and causes sweffing and inflammation of joints.)
Analysis of a dehusked sample
(79% of whole grain) gave following values: protein 12.3, fat 4.3, minerals 3.3, crude fibre 8.0, and other carbohydrates 60.9%. The principal protein of the millet is prolamin (48%), albumin and globulin together form 13— 14% of the total protein, and glutelin
37%. The oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, present in the grain, during the cold winter months is reported to yield toxic substances.
Shorea robusta Gaertn. f. Family Dipterocarpaceae.
Habitat North, east and central India.
English Sal tree. Oleoresin: Sal Dammer or Bengal Dammer.
Ayurvedic Shaala, Saalasaara, Dhuupa-vriksha. (Substitute:
Vateria indica.)
Siddha/Tamil Kungiliyam,
Venkungiliyam (resin).
Action Fruit—a paste is prescribed in diarrhoea. Resin—astringent, detergent; antidiarrhoeal and antidysenteric. Essential oil of Sal resin—antiseptic. Used for skin diseases.

Siddha/Tamil Tenai.

Sida cordifolia Linn. 603

The bark contains 7—12, young leaves 20, twigs and leaves 22, and powder dust 12% tannin. The spray-dried aqueous extract of the bark contains 39.6% of tannins with a trans/non-trans ratio of 0.73. The tannins are of pyrogallol type. Oleanolic acid has also been isolated from the bark.
Several triterpenoids have been isolated from the resin. Hydroxy-hopanone, dammarenediol II (20S) and dammarenolic acid are reported to exhibit antiviral activity against
Herpes simplex. The resin on dry distillation yields an essential oil, known as Chuaa Oil. It consists of 96.0% neutral and 3.0 and 1.9% phenolic and acidic fractions respectively. Non-phenolic portion of the oil is reported to have a depressing effect on the central nervous system, the phenolic portion is less effective.
Dosage Heartwood, flower—3— 5 g powder; 50—100 ml decoction; resin—1—3 g.
Sibbaldia parviflora Wild.
Habitat Garwal region.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage