Family Liliaceae.
Habitat The tropical and temperate regions, from Kashmir, Sikkim and Assam to South India.
English Italian Sarsaparilla.
Action Roots used as a substitute for
Hemidesmus indicus. Rutin has been isolated as a major flavonoid from the plant.
Smilax china Linn.
Habitat Japan, China and Cochin China.

Ayurvedic Chobachini, Chopachini, Dweepaantar-Vachaa, Madhusnuhi, Hriddhaatri.
Unani Chobchini.
Siddha/Tamil Parangi chakkai.
Action Tubers—used as alterative in venereal diseases, chronic skin diseases and rheumatic affections. Used as official sarsaparilla. (China of homoeopathic medicine is
Peruvian bark, not
Smilax china.)
Sarsaparifia (Smilax species) is used in Oriental as well as in Western herbal for its alterative, gentle circulatory stimulant and mild testosterone activity.
The root is known for its steroidal saponins. Pro-sapogenin-A of dioscin, dioscin, gracillin. Me-protogracillin, Me-protodioscin and its 22-hydroxy- analog; besides beta-sitosterol glucoside, smilaxin, two furostan and one spirostane glycosides have been isolated from the root.
Dosage Root—50—100 mg powder. (CCRAS.)
Smilax glabra Roxb.
Habitat Assam, Khasi and Garo Hills, eastwards to upper Burma, Indo-China and southern China.
Ayurvedic Dweepaantara-Vachaa, Chobachini (bigger var.).
Action Roots—used for syphilis, venereal diseases and sores, as
a blood purifier.

English China Root.

Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. 609

Astilbin, 3-O-caffeoyl-shikimic, ferulic, palmitic, shikimic and succinic acids; engeletin, isoengeletin; glucose; daucosterol, beta- sitosterol, stigmasterol are major constituents of the root.
Crude sap onins, isolated from the plant, produced preventive effect on cholesterol-fed atherosclerosis in quails.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage