Ayurvedic Kariyartharani.
Siddha/Tamil Simainayuruvi, Simainaivirunji, Naioringi.
Folk Chirchiti, Marang Chirchiti. Action Febrifuge, anti-inflammatory. In Brazil, the plant is externally used for purulent ulcers and internally for rheumatic

624 Stellaria aquatica (L.) Scop.

inflammations and fever. An
infusion of the bark is used against diarrhoea and dysentery.
The leaves contain friedelin, stigmasterol, ursolic acid, hispidulin, scutellarein, choline, phenolic acids, chlorogenic acid and flavonoids—6-hy- droxyluteolol-7-glucuronide, luteolol7-glucuronide and apigenol-7-glucu- ronide. Stems and leaves gave an indoid glycoside, tarphetalin (ipolamiide). The leaves are reported to be used for colds and cough.
Stellaria aquatica (L.) Scop.
Family Caryophyllaceae.
Habitat Temperate Himalayas
from Kashmir to Uttar Pradesh at
1,200—2,400 m.

English Chickweed, Water
Starwort.

Folk Budeolaa.

Action Leaves—decoction used in galactorrhoea.
Fresh plant contains an essential oil having 3-hydroxymethylfuran, alphapinene, limonene, n-hexanol, geraniol, camphor, benzyl alcohol, guaiacol, cresol, eugenol and carvacrol as the major constituents.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage