Habitat The temperate Himalayas from Kashmir eastwards and in
Khasi Hills, up to 3,000 m.
English European Goldenrod, Woundwort.
Action Anticatarrhal, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic to
mucous membranes.

Siddha/Tamil Kandankatthiri.







Sonchus arvensis Linn.

Key application In irrigation
therapy for inflammatory diseases of the lower urinary tract, urinary calculi and kidney gravel. (German Commission F.) ESCOP also
indicates its use as an adjuvant in the treatment of bacterial infections of the urinary tract.
Anti-inflammatory activity is due to phenolic glycosides; antifungal activity is due to saponins based on polygalic acid (acts specifically against the
candida fungus, the cause of vaginal and oral thrush). As a diuretic, aerial parts are used for nephritis and cystitis and to flush out kidney and bladder stones; urine volume is increased but not sodium excretion.
The plant contains quercitrin, rutin, iso -quercitrin, astragalin, kaempferol, rhamnoglucoside, quercetin, caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. Aerial parts contain diterpenoids of cis-clerodane lactone group.
Sonchus arvensis Linn.
Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat Waste places and fields throughout India, up to an altitude of 2,400 m.
English Corn Sow Thistle.
Ayurvedic Sahadevi (bigger var.). (Vernonia cinerea is equated with Sahadevi.)
Action Plant—sedative, hypnotic, anodyne, expectorant, diuretic.
Used for nervous debility. Seeds— used for asthma, bronchitis, cough, pertussis, fever; decoction in

insomnia. Leaves—applied to
swellings. Root—used for diseases of the respiratory tract.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage