The stem bark and root bark contain 9—17 and H.0 to 11.9% tannin of the pyrogallol class.
The fruit yields 11% pectin on dry

Sophora japonica Linn.
Papilionaceae, Fabaceae.
Habitat Kashmir; also introduced into forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun.
English Japanese Pagoda tree,
Chinese Scholar tree, Umbrella tree.
Action Flower—bitter, astringent, styptic, antibacterial.
Flower buds are a very rich source of rutin (16.0—23.0% dry weight basis), several times more than that present in Buckwheat which is an important source of the flavonoid.
The plant is used for the treatment of blee ding due to hemorrhoids and ulcerative colitis. The antihaemorrhagic principle, quercetin, has been isolated from aqueous extract of dried buds.
The flower extract has been reported to exhibit hepato-protective activity.
Sophora mollis Grah. exBaker.
Edwardsia moltis Royle. Family Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal, up to an altitude of
2,100 m.
English Himalayan Laburnum.
Action Seeds—used for destroying vermin. Root—used for promoting hair growth.
The seeds contain an alkaloid cytisine. The root imparts dark colour to



618 Sophora tomentosa Linn.

The seeds of S. secundflora Lag. ex DC., known as Mescal-or Coral-Bean (Native to America, grown in Indian gardens) also contain substantial amounts of cytisine.
The alkaloid, (—)-N-methylcytisine, isolated from the seeds, exhibited hypoglycaemic activity in mice.
Sophora tomentosa Linn.
Popilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Grown in gardens for its bright-yellow flowers.
English Sea coast Laburnum, Silver Bush.
Action Seeds—dangerously
emetocatharitc, toxic, febrifugal, stomachic. Seeds yield a fatty oil with expectorant properties.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage