derivative selinone; a sesquiterpene vaginatin.
The dry roots yield an essential oil containing alpha-pinene 45.5 limonene 25.3, camphene 5.7, beta-phellandrene
5.2, alpha-thujene 1.2, fenchyl alcohol
3.2, terpineol 3.8, and a ketone 2.6%. Beta-pinene and fenchone have also been reported.
The roots are sold in the drug markets of Jammu mixed with those of
Seseli sibiricum. The roots are also used as a substitute for Nardostachysjatamansi.
Semecarpus anacardium Linn. f.
Family Anacardiaceae.
Habitat Punjab, Assam, Khasi Hills, Madhya Pradesh and Peninsular
India.
English Marking-Nut.
Ayurvedic Bhallaataka, Bhallata, Arushkara, Agnik, Agnimukha,
Sophkrit, Viravrksha.
Unani Balaadur, Bhilaayan, Bhilaavaan.
Siddha/Tamil Shenkottei, Erimugi.
(Kattu shen-kottai is equated with
S. travancorica Bedd., found in
evergreen forests of Tinnevelly and
Travancore.)
Folk Bhilaavaa.
Action ø Toxic drug, used only after curing. Fruit—caustic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antitumour.
Used in rheumatoid arthritis and

for the treatment of tumours and
malignant growths.
A decoction, mixed with milk or butter fat, is prescribed in asthma, neuralgia, sciatica, gout, hemiplegia, epilepsy. Kernel oil—antiseptic; used externally in gout, leucoderma, psoriasis and leprosy. Bark gum—used for nervous debility; in leprous, scrofulous and venereal affections.
Bigger var. is equated with
S. kurzii Engler.
The nut shells contain biflavonoids, including tetrahydrobustaflavone, tetrahydroamentoflavone and anacarduflavanone; nallaflavone; anacardic acid; aromatic amines and bhilawanol. Bhilawanol is a mixture of phenolic compounds, including
cis and trans isomers of urushenol (3-pentadecenyl-8’

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage