Securinega suffruticosa
(Pall.) Rehder.
Synonym S. ramijiora Muell. Flueggea suffruticosa Baill.
Family Euphorbiaceae.
Habitat Eastern Himalayas, up to an altitude of 250 m.
Siddha/Tamil Vellaippula (S. virosa).
Folk Dalme, Kodarsi, Pandharphali (S. virosa).
Action Alkaloid, securinine in the leaves stimulates central nervous
system similar to strychnine and

Selenicereus grandiflorus Britton & Rose. 595

is comparatively less toxic. It is
found useful in paresis and paralysis following infectious diseases and
physical disorders. (The plant can replace strychnine and nux-vomica in medicinal preparations.)
A related species,
Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Wild.) Baillon, distributed throughout India up to an altitude of 2,000 m, gave securinine as the main alkaloid, along with virosecurinine and viroallosecurinine, and a coumarin, bergenin. The root bark contains an alkaloid, virosine. Whole root contains alkaloids, hordenine (flueggeine) and nor-securinine. A decoction of the root is given to induce sleep and for fever; that of bark in diarrhoea and pneumonia. The leaves are reported to be given in venereal diseases.
Selaginella involvens Spring.
Family Selaginellaceae.
Habitat Hilly regions of India at altitudes of 1,000—2,000 m.
Ayurvedic Kara-jodi-kanda (related species).
Folk Hatthaajodi (related species). Action Used as an age-sustaining
tonic. The original source is S.
rupestris Spring.
Selaginella rupestris Spring. Family Selaginellaceae.
Habitat Indian gardens, as
ornaments.

English Little Clubmoss.
Ayurvedic Kara-jodi-Kanda.
Folk Hatthaajodi.
Action Plant—a decoction is

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage