activity.
Dosage Leaf𦠮 g
(API, Vol III); whole plant1020 ml Juice (API, Vol. IV).
Spilanthes calva DC.
Synonym S. acmella auct. non (L.)
Murr.
S.
paniculata auct. non-DC.
S.
pseudoacmella auct. non (L.)
Murr.
Family Asteraceae.
Habitat Tropical and sub-tropical parts of India, in waste places and open moist fields.

English Paracress.

Ayurvedic Marahattikaa.

Folk Marethi, Desi Akarkaraa.
Action Plant梐ntidysenteric.
Decoction, diuretic and lithotriptic, also used in scabies and psoriasis. Seeds梪sed in xerostomia, throat infections and neurological affection of tongue. Root梡urgative.
Whole plant gave alpha-and betaamyrin ester, myricyl alcohol, stigmasterol and its glucoside. A tincture made from flower heads is used as a substitute for the tincture of pyrethrum to treat inflammation of jaw-bones and caries.

 

 

Spilanthes oleracea Murr.

Ethanolic extracts of the herb were found to affect the blood pressure of dogs and cats, and also the isolated ileum of guinea pigs. Spilanthol, obtained from the ether as well as pentane extracts, shows a strong sialogogic action, acts as a local anaesthetic and a powerful insecticide.
Spilanthes oleracea Murr.
Family
Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat Introduced from Brazil; often cultivated in Indian gardens.
English Brazilian Cress, Para Cress. Ayurvedic Mahaaraashtri, Marethi,
Desi Akarkaraa. Aakaarakarabha of Ayurvedic medicine and
Aaqarqarha of Unani medicine is equated with
Anacyclus pyrethrum
DC. (root is used); S. acmella and S. oleracea flowering heads are used as Desi Akarkaraa and should

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage