xanthotoxin, osthol and several ter penoids The seeds and volatile oil
from the fruits also contain osthol and
other coumarins.
The coumarins prevented glucocor ticoid-induce osteoporosis in rats;
they also reversed bone loss at early
menopausal stage. Osthol showed an tiallergi activity. Cnidioside A and
B and cnidiol b alleviate physiologi ca disorders caused by physical and
mental stress; enhancement of sexual
activity has also been observed.

Selinum tenuifolium
Wall. ex DC.
Synonym S. candollei DC.
Umbellferae; Apiaceae.
Habitat The Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal at altitudes of
1,800—4,200 m.
Ayurvedic Muraa, Surabhi, Daitya, Gandhakuti, Gandhavati. (Substitute for Nardostachysjatamansi.)
Siddha/Tamil Mural.
Bhuutakeshi (Kashmir), Muur (Garhwal).
Action Roots—sedative, analgesic.
Isoimperatorin and oxypeucedanin have been isolated as major inotropic constituents from the rhizomes.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the root in syncope, giddiness, also for asthma.
Dosage Root—1—3 g powder. (API, Vol. II.)
Selinum vaginatum C. B. Clarke.
Umbellferae; Apiaceae.
Habitat North-Western Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon at
altitudes of 1,800—3,900 m.
Ayurvedic Rochanaa-Tagara.
Folk Peshaavari-Bhuutakeshi (Kashmir), Taggar (Garhwal).
Action Roots—used as a nervine sedative. Oil—sedative, analgesic, hypotensive.

Semecarpus anacardium Linn. f. 597

The roots gave coumarins, angelicin, oroselol, lomatin, selinidin, vaginidin, vaginol; a flavone

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage