used as a lotion in chronic mastitis, gout and haemorrhoids. Extracts of the plant are haemostatic.
From the dried plant material alkaloids (0.053—00.095%) have been isolated, including, seneciphylline, senecionine and retrorsine. Senecionine and retrorsine have been demonstrated to induce hepatic necrosis in experimental animals. The plant contains 950 mcg!kg of iodine on fresh basis.
A related species used in Western herbal,
Senecio aureus Linn. (Golden Groundsel, Squaw Weed) is a uterine relaxant, stimulant to gravid uterus and a soothing drug for nervous and vascular irritability, menopausal symptoms, hot flushes. Alkaloids include senecifoline, senescine, senecionine and otosenine—pyrrolizidine alkaloids, in isolation, are highly toxic to liver. The plant is recommended only for external use as a douche for excessive vaginal discharge.
Seronoa repens (Bartram) Small.
Synonym Sabal serrulata (Michaux) Nichols.

Family Compositae; Asteraceae. Family Palmae.

Sesamum indicum Linn. 599

Habitat Southeastern North America.

contain caffeic, p- coumaric and sinapic acids.

English Sabal, Saw Palmetto.

Action Ripe fruit—diuretic,
urinary antiseptic, antiandrogenic, and antiexudative.
The fruit contains fatty acids, especially capric, caproic, caprylic, launc, myristic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, stearic and palmitic acids; sterols, principally beta-sitosterol and its 3-gluco- side (and fatty acid derivatives), campesterol and stigmasterol; triglycerides; triterpenes; alkanols; polysaccharides; flavonoids; essential oil and anthraniic acid.
Key application In urination
problems due to benign prostatic hyperplasia stages I and II (German Commission E, ESCOP WHO.) (The lipophiic extracts of Saw Palmetto berries are used in France and
Germany for the treatment of BPH. In a study (1999), shrinkage of the epithelial tissue in the transition
zone of the prostate has been
recorded.
(Expanded Commission E Monographs.) (For Clinical studies, see ESCOP)
In India, Sabal palmetto Lodd. Ex Roem. & Schult (Sabal or Cabbage Palm) is planted in gardens for ornament. The sweet drupes are eaten as such or cooked for preparing a syrup. Other species of Sabal introduced into Indian gardens are: S. mauritiformis Gniseb. & Wendl., S. mexicana Mart., S. umbracuhfera Mart., and S. minor Pers. The leaves of S. mexicana contain cyanidin. The leaves of S.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage