Family Symphoremataceae.
Habitat Indo-Malayasian region. Found in Deccan Peninsula, ascending to 1,200 m, and in Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Nagaland.
Folk Surudu, Konatekkali,
Gubbadaara (Telugu).
Action Quercetin, isolated from fresh water flowers, exhibited
anti-inflammatory activity experimentally, comparable to that of phenylbutazone.
Symphytum off icinale Linn.
Family Boraginaceae.
Habitat Europe and from the
Mediterranean to Caucasian region.
Russian Comfrey or Blue Comfrey
has been introduced in Simla;
Prickly Camfrey is cultivated in
Western India.
English Comfrey, Knitbone.
Folk Sankuutan (Maharashtra).
Action Vulnerary (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia), astringent, demulcent, haemostatic, tissue- restorative (repairs broken bones

and lacerated flesh, promotes formation of a callus).
Key application Externally for fractures and sprains, to promote bone growth and formation of
(German Commission E.)
Allantoin, a cell proliferant, helps repair damaged tissues. Anti-inflammatory action is due to rosmarinic acid and other phenolic acids. Used for stomach ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, hiatus hernia; pleurisy, bronchitis (contraindicated in oedematous conditions of the lung); and for the treatment of fractures, sickets, varicose ulcers. Experiments, during the 1960s, reveal that pyrrolizidine alkaloids are toxic to liver (dispute stifi unresolved); it is still not clear if these are hepatotoxic in the context of the whole plant. The aerial parts are considered safe.
Russian Comfrey or Blue Comfrey has been equated with
Symphytum peregrinum Ledeb. (introduced into India in Simla).
The Plant is a good source of allantoin, a drug used in the treatment of gastric ulcers, disorders of liver and cancer. Tincture of the fresh herb is reported to be used for asthma, bronchitis and congestive

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herbís Identification and Usage