conditions of the lungs.
Symplocos paniculata
(Thunb.) Miq.
Synonym S. crataegoides Buch.Ham. ex Don.
S. chinensis (Lour.) Druce.
Prunus paniculatus Thunb.

Family Symplocaceae.

Symplocos racemosa Roxb. 635

Habitat The Himalayas from Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh
and Assam; Khasi Hills at 1,000— 2,500 m.
English Sapphire Berry.
Ayurvedic Lodhra-Pattikaa.
Unani Lodh Pathaani.
Action Leaf—spasmolytic, antiviral, antiprotozoal, anthelmintic. Bark— used as a tonic for preventing
abortion. Other uses same as of S.
racemosa.
The water-soluble fraction from the bark has been reported to exhibit antioxytocic activity. Ethanolic extract of the leaves showed activity against Entamoeba histolytica strain STA, Ascaridia galli and Ran ikhet-disease virus. It also affected blood pressure in dogs and cats, and showed activity on the ileum of guinea-pigs. The extract of stem also affected the blood pressure.
The leaf and stem are CVS active.
Symplocos racemosa Roxb.
Synonym S. beddomei C. B. Clarke S. candolleana Brand.
Family Symplocaceae.
Habitat Throughout North and
eastern India, extending southwards to Peninsular India.
English Lodh tree, Sapphire Berry. Ayurvedic Lodhra, Rodhra,
Shaavara., SthulavaLkal, Trita,
Pattikaa Lodhra, Shaabara Lodhra.
Unani Lodh Pathaani.
Siddha/Tamil Veililethi, Vellilothram.

Action Bark—used as specific remedy for uterine complaints, vaginal diseases and menstrual disorders; menorrhagia, leucorrhoea (The
Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India);
also used in diarrhoea, dysentery, vaginal ulcers, inflammatory

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage