blood sugar-lowering effect could not be established by several

638 Syzygium hemisphericum (Wt.) Aiston

researchers. Claimed applications mentioned in German Commission E monograph: in diabetes, also in combination preparations for atonic and spastic constipation, diseases of the pancreas, gastric and pancreatic complaints.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of In di recommends the bark in acute diar rhoe and haemorrhagic diseases; the
seed in hyperglycaemia and polyuria.
The aqueous alcoholic extract of the
bark contains bergenin, gallic acid and
ethyl gallate.
The fruit contains anthocyanins and
yielded citric, malic and gailic acids.
Gallic acid and tannins account for as tringenc of the fruit. Malic acid is
the major acid (0.59%) of the weight
of fruit; a small quantity of oxalic acid
is reported to be present. Glucose and
fructose are principal sugars in the ripe
fruit; surcose was not detected.
The seeds contain tannin (about
19%), ellagic acid, gallic acid (1—2%),
beta-sitosterol, 0.05% essential oil;
myricyl alcohol is present in the un saponifiabl matter.
The stem bark yielded friedelan 3
alpha-ol, kaempferol, quercetin, beta sitostero and its glycoside, kaempferol 3-0-glucoside gallic acid, friedelin
and betulinic acid. It contained eu geni and epi-friedelanol. 10—12% tan nin were reported.
The leaves contain aliphatic alco hols sitosterols, betulinic acid and
crategolic (maslinic) acid.
The flowers contain triterpenic
acids—oleanolic acid and crategolic
acid. The oleanolic acid is a strong

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage