English Fiji Arrowroot, Tahiti Arrowroot.
Ayurvedic Suurana. (Instead of wild var., cultivated elephant-footyam,
Amorphophallus paeonifolius var. campanulatus, is used.)
Siddha/Tamil Karachunai.
Action Tuber—acrid, astringent, carminative, anthelmintic. Used in the treatment of piles, haemophilic conditions, internal abscesses, colic, enlargement of spleen, vomiting, asthma, bronchitis, elephantiasis and intestinal worms.
The tuber, macerated and repeatedly washed with water, yield a starch
The presence ofbeta-sitosterol, ceryl alcohol and taccalin (a bitter principle) has been reported in the tuber.
Taccagenin and leontogenin have been isolated froma acid hydrolysate of leaf extract. Diosgenin and its derivatives, isonarthogenin and isonuatigenin together with nuatigenin have also been isolated.
A bitter extract, prepared by washing the grated tubers in running water, is a rubefacient; and is also given in diarrhoea and dysentery.
Tagetes erecta Linn.
Compositae; Asteraceae. Habitat Native to Mexico;
cultivated in gardens all over India.


Family Taccaceae.

Tamarindus indica Linn. 643

English Big Marigold, Aztec or African Marigold.
Ayurvedic Jhandu, Gendaa.
Unani Sadbarg, Gul-hazaaraa, Gul-jaafari.
Siddha Thuruksaamanthi.
Action Whole plant—infusion useful in cold and bronchitis, also in the treatment of rheumatism.
Flowers—alterative; juice used for bleeding piles. Leaves—styptic, applied externally to boils and carbundes; muscle pains. Leaves and florets— emengagogue, diuretic, vermifuge.
The flowers gave lutein esters of dipalmitate, dimyristate and monomyristate. Fresh petals gave hydroxyflavones, quercetagetin and tagetiin.
The plant yields an essential oil containing limonene, ocimene, linalyl acetate, linalool, tagetone and n-nonyl aldehyde as major components.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage