Siddha/Tamil Sivappattushavukku. Folk Laal jhaau. Galls—ChhotiMaayin.
Action Galls—astringent. Contain 50% tannin. Bark—contains 14% tannin.
Galls used as a substitute for oak- galls and sumac.
Galls contain polyphenols—gallic acid, ellagic acid, dehydrodigallic acid, dthydrojuglone-5-glucoside, isoferulic acid and juglanin; flavonoids including quercetin, its glucoside, isoquercitrin, its methyl derivative, tamarixetin and tamarixin.
Tamarix dioica Roxb.
Family Tamaricaceae.
Habitat Throughout in river beds and near sea-coasts in Tamil Nadu.

Tanacetum vulgare Linn. 645

Ayurvedic Maachikaa (related species).
Siddha/Tamil Nirumari.
Folk Jhaau. Galls—Maayin.
Action Twigs and galls—astringent. Tannin content—leaves 8%,
twig- bark 10%, galls 50%.
The leaves gave tamarixetin, kaempferide, quercetiin and D-mannitol. Aerial parts contain
trans-2-hydroxy- methoxycinnamic acid and isorhamnetin. Hexane extract gave hentriacontan-7-ol.
The flavones (tamaridone and tamadone) have also been isolated from ethanolic extract, along with hexacosyl-p- coumarate, gardenin, nevadensin and apigenin. Gardenin B exhibited antiviral and anti-invasive activity against solid tumours.
Tamarix ericoides Rottl.
Family Tamaricaceae.
Habitat South India, in river beds. Ayurvedic Maachika (related
Folk Jhaau.
Action Galls—astringent. Leaves— decoction is given for treating
enlarged spleen; also cough.
Tamarix indica Roxb.
Synonym T troupii Hole. T gallica auct. non Linn.

Habitat North Indian saline or water-logged soils; on sandy banks in West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and South India.
English Takut Galls.
Ayurvedic Jhaavuka, Bahugranthikaa, Shaavaka.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage