Cichorium intybus, known as Kaasani.)
Folk Dudhli, Dudhal.
Action Root—diuretic, cholagogue, pancreatic and bile duct stimulant, stimulant to portal circulation, choleretic, urinary antiseptic, detoxicant, promotes elimination of plasma cholesterol.
Used chiefly in kidney and liver disorders, for rheumatism and as a general tonic. A decoction is given for infective hepatitis.
Key application In dyspepsia, loss of appetite, and for diuresis. (German Commission E, ESCOP) ESCOP indicates its use for restoration of hepatic and biliary function.
Most of the diuretics cause loss of potassium, but dandelion leaves contain high levels of potassium.
The leaves and root contain sesquiterpene lactones (bitter substances); triterpenes and sterols—beta- sitosterol, beta- sitosterol-glucosides, taraxasterol, psi-taratexol and taraxol; flavonoids, including among others, apigenin-7- 0-glucosides and luteolin-7-O-gluco- sides; mucilages; inulin (2—40%, high values in autumn). The amaroids are cholagogic and secretolytic.
(PDR.) An appetite-stimulating bitter has been identified as eudesmanolides (previously called taraxacin).
The vitamin A content is higher than in carrots.

The polysaccharides and aqueous extracts exhibited antitumour activity in animals. The anti-inflammatory activity has also been confirmed in animal studies.
The high K+ content of roots and leaves is considered responsible for the diuretic activity.
Dosage Root—1—3 g powder. (CCRAS.)
Tarenna asiatica (Linn.) Alston.
Webra corymbosa Willd. Family Rubiaceae.
Habitat Peninsular region,
ascending to an altitude of 1,000 m, and in Assam.
Folk Kuraa (Maharashtra).
Action Fruit—smashed and applied to boils to promote suppuration.
Leaves— used in skin diseases.
The whole plant, including the roots, contained D-mannitol. The leaves contain a flavone, corymbosin.
Taverniera cuneifolia Am.
T nummularia Baker non-DC.
Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Plains of Punjab, Gujarat and the Deccan in waste places.
English East Indian Moneywort. Folk Jethi-madh (Maharashtra).

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage