Action Leaves—used as a poultice for sloughing wounds. Root—used as a substitute for liquorice.

648 Taxus bacxata Linn.

Taxus baccata Linn.
Habitat Temperate Himalayas, Khasi Hills and Manipur.
English European Yew. Himalayan Yew is equated with Taxus wallichiana Zucc., synonym T baccata Linn. subspecies wallichiana (Zucc.) Pilgoe, T baccata Hook. f.
Ayurvedic Thunera, Sthauneya, Sthauneyaka, Shukapushpa, Dhaatri-patra, Vikarna. (Not a substitute for Taalisapatra.)
Unani Zarnab.
Siddha/Tamil Taaleespatri Bhedam.
Folk Birmi, Thuno.
Action Herb—CNS depressant; reduces motor activity; analgesic, anticonvulsant. Leaf used in nervousness, epilepsy, hysteria, asthma, chronic bronchitis. Leaf and fruit—antispasmodic, sedative, emmenagogue.
Berry—used in chronic bronchitis.
T) Taxol antimitotic; also being tried for
the treatment of severe drug-resistant
human malaria.
(Chem Abstr, 1994, 21,
124674 j.) (The taxol content in Hi malaya Yew varied with season and
location from 0.045—0.130%.)
The needles contain diterpene es ter of taxane-type (mixture is known
as taxine 0.6—2.0%). Taxine consists
of 11 compounds of which only tax-
me A and B have been characterized.
Taxol, the diterpene amide, is found
active against ovarian cancer in hu mans (clinical results showed 24—30%

response). The ester alkaloids in higher doses are cardiotoxic.
Dried needles contain biflavonoids, including sotetsuflavone, sequoiflavone, sciadopitysin, ginkgetin, kayaflavone, amentoflavone, beta-sitosterol, heptacosanol and surcose.
The needles gave several phenolics. Betuloside (rhododendron) exhibited hepatoprotective activity against hepatotoxins in rats.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage