Ayurvedic Sharapunkhaa,
Vishikha-punkhaa, Sarphokaa.
Unani Sarponlthaa, Sarphukaa.
Siddha/Tamil Kattu-kolingi,
Kolingi, Paavali, Mollukkay,
Kollukkayvelai.
Action The drug is considered
) specific for the treatment of
inflammation of spleen and liver (is
known as Plihaa-shatru, Plihaari in Indian medicine).
Dried herb—diuretic, deobstruent, laxative. Given for the treatment of cough, bronchitis, bilious febrile attacks, insufficiency of the liver, jaundice (not effective in infantile cirrhosis), kidney disorders and for the treatment of bleeding piles, boils, pimples. Also used as a gargle. Root—decoction used in dyspepsia, diarrhoea,

cough, bronchitis, adenoids, asthma and rheumatism. Juice is applied to skin eruptions. A liniment prepared from the root is employed in elephantiasis. Oil from seeds—specific against eruptions of the skin, eczema, scabies, leprosy. Seed extract—hypoglycaemic.
Powdered aerial parts prevented elevation of SGOP, SGPT and bilirubin levels.
Hepatoprotective effect of aerial parts was evaluated against (+)-galactosamine-induced and carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
The leaves contain rutin and rotenoids (0.65—0.80% on dry basis). Rotenoid content is highest in the seed
(1.60—1.80%).
The leaves also contain a triterpenoid, lupeol, and beta- sitosterol.
Seeds contain a diketone -pongamol; a dimethylchromene flavanone isolonchocarpin; furanoflavones karanjin and kanjone; a flavanone purpurin; and sitosterol. A flavonoid, lanceolarin B, is also present in seeds.
The plant extract led to marked lowering of blood glucose level in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rabbits. In diabetic rabbits the extract exerted 60—70% hypoglycaemic effect as compared to tolbutamide.
Shveta Sharapunkhaa (stems: covered with white hair; flowers: pale pink or pale violet) is equated with
T. villosa Pers.
The roots gave a prenylated flavanone 7-methyiglabranin; pods contain rotenoids—villosin, villon,

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage