Action Root—prescribed in skin diseases, pruritus, inflamed piles, internal abscesses, urinary diseases, vomiting, diarrhoea, colic, respiratory disorders and as a cardiotonic.
The plant is rich in alkaloids. Aerial parts gave epi-stephanine (aknadine), hernandifoline, aknadinine and magnoflorine. Alkaloid aknadine shows significant antispasmodic activity on uterine spasms. Cytotoxic alkaloids include d-and dl-tetrandrine,
d- isochondrodendrine and fangchinoline. The alkaloid, epi-stephanine (aknadine) possesses adrenergic neuron blocking activity.

Sterculia foetida Linn.
Family Sterculiaceae.
Habitat South India, also cultivated on roadsides.
Habitat The West Coast from Konkan southwards.
Siddha/Tamil Pinari, Kudirai Pidukku.
Folk Jangali Baadaam (in no way related to Prunus amygdalus).
Action Bark and leaf—aperient, diuretic. Fruit—astringent. Seed oil—carminative, laxative. Wood— antirheumatic. The wood, boiled with seed oil, is used externally in rheumatism.
Beans, called Java Olives, if taken in large quantities, cause nausea, act as violent purgative.
The leaves gave glucuronyl derivatives of procyanidin, scutellarein and luteolin; also taraxerol,
n -otacosanol and beta-sitosterol. Lupenone, lupeol and betulin were obtained from the heartwood. Seed and root lipid contained cyclopropene fatty acids. Sterculic and malvalic acids show carcinogenic and co-carcinogenic activities.
Leucoanthoyanidin -3-0 - alpha - L - rhamnopyranoside and quercetin rhamnoside have been isolated from the root.
Sterculia urens Roxb.
Family Sterculiaceae.
Habitat Rajasthan, Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, southwards to Western Peninsula.

626 Stereospermum personatum (Hassk.) D. Chatterjee.

English Karaya Gum.
Unani Gond Kateeraa (the
authentic source is
Cochiospermum religiosum).
Siddha/Tamil Kavalam.
Folk Karai, Kandol (Maharashtra, Gujarat).
Action Gum used as a substitute for tragacanth in throat affections.
The gum and mucilage contain aldobiuronic and aldotriouronic acids.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage