based on aqueous freeze-dried extract
of the bark.
(Phytother Res. 2001, 15(6),
510—23.)

Oral administration of bark powder (400 mg/kg body weight) for 10 days produced significant increase in circulating histamine, a little increase in 5-HT, catecholamines and HDL cholesterol, and decrease in total lipid, triglycerides and total cholesterol in normal rats.
Casuarinin, a hydrolyzable tannin, isolated from the bark, exhibited anti- herpes virus activity by inhibiting viral attachment and penetration. 50% ethanolic extract of the bark exhibited significant increase in the tensile of the incision wounds.
Dosage Stembark—3—6 g powder. (API, Vol. II.)
Terminalia bellirica Roxb.
Family
Combretaceae.
Habitat Throughout deciduous forests of India.
English Belleric Myrobalan, Bastard Myrobalan.
Ayurvedic Bibhitaka, Vibhitaka,
Bibhitaki, Bibhita, Baibhita, Aksha, Akshaka, Kaamaghna, Kalidru Kali, Karshaphala.

Unani Balelaa, Baheraa.

Siddha/Tamil Thaanrikkaai,
Thandri.

Action Fruit—purgative when half ripe, astringent when ripe; antipyretic; used in prescriptions for diarrhoea, dyspepsia, biliousness; cough, bronchitis and upper respiratory tract infections, tropical pulmonary eosinophiia and allergic eruptions.

Terminalia chebula Retz. 653

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the drug in powder form in emesis and worm infestation, in addition to other therapeutic applications.
The fruits contain beta-sitosterol, gallic and ellagic acids, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose, chebulagic acid and a cardiac glycoside, bellaricanin.
The fruits produce hepato-protective effect in CC14-induced liver injury in mice. Alcoholic extract of the fruit exerted a negative chrono-and inotropic and hypotensive effect of varying magnitude in a dose dependent fashion on isolated rat and frog atria and rabbit heart.
The fruit contains all components of Chebulic myrobalan
(T chebula) except corilagin and chebulic acid.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage