Synonym Carum roxburghianum (DC.)Benth.&Hk. f.
Umbellferae; Apiaceae.
Habitat Cultivated throughout India.
English Ajmud.
Ayurvedic Ajamodaa, Ajamoda, Ayamoda, Ajmoja, Dipyaka.
Unani Karafs-e-Hindi.
Siddha/Tamil Ashamtagam.
Action Seeds—carminative,
stomachic, stimulant, cardiac tonic.


666 Tragia involucrata Linn.


Used for dyspepsia, vomiting, hiccough, bronchitis, asthma, and pain in bladder; also as an emmenagogue.
The seeds yield the coumarins— bergaptene, 7-methoxy-6-methyl coumann and umbelliferone. Beta- sitosterol is also reported.
Major constituent of the essential oil from the seeds are d-limonene (35.1), alpha-terpinene (19.4), d-linalool (4.7), dl-terpineol (5.7) and dl-piperitone (13.6%). Thymol content is 1.7%.
The fruit (Ajmud) induced hyperactivity of the central nervous system in mice. It also exhibited activity against
Entamoeba histolytica. The ketonic substances exhibit powerful antispasmodic activity
The fruit left after the extraction of the essential oil showed pronounced cardiotonic activity
The oil produced marked diuretic effect in rabbits. It lowered blood pressure in dogs and rats.
Tragia involucrata Linn.
Habitat Outer Himalayan ranges eastwards to Assam; southwards to Travancore, throughout warmer regions of India.
English Indian Stinging-Nettle.
Ayurvedic Vrishchhikaali,
Vrishchhika-patrikaa. Used in Kerala as Duraalabhaa.
Siddha/Tamil Chenthatti, Sirrukan Actio

Root—febrifuge, diaphoretic, alterative, blood purifier. Given in fever when the extremities are cold; also for pain in arms and legs. Used as a blood purifier in venereal diseases; applied externally to skin

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage