externally on leprous ulcers.
Used in prescriptions for haemorrhagic diseases and in spermatopoietic tonics. Aerial parts—diuretic.
The seeds yield 23.3% (dry basis) a fatty oil containing 32.3% of punicic acid.
Trichosanthes cucumerina Linn.

Habitat Found throughout India in scrub-jungles and waste places.
Ayurvedic Amritaphala, VanaPatota, Tikta-Patoli.
Siddha Kattu Pey Pudal.
Action Bitter fruits—blood purifier (used in the treatment of skin diseases); germicidal;
appetizer, laxative (used in bilious disorders); hepatoprotective. Root and seed— anthelmintic, antifebrile. Whole plant—antipyretic. Root— cathartic. Leaves—used externally in alopecia.
Cucurbitacin B has been isolated from the fruits.The root tuber contains glycoproteins and beta-trichosanthin.
The leaves gave luteolin-7-glucoside, kaempferol, 3,7-dirhamnoside and 3- glucoside -7-rhamnoside, cucurbitacins B and E, oleanolic acid, betasitosterol and its D-glucoside. The seed oil showed the presence of punicic acid; oleic, linoleic, eleostearic, palmitic, stearic and arachidic acids. Meso-inositol was found to be present in the plant.

Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.

Family Cucurbitaceae.

Habitat Warmer regions of India, particularly in Uttar Pradesh. Bihar, West Bengal and Assam.
English Patol, Pointed Gourd. Ayurvedic Patola, Kulaka, Raajiphala, Karkashchhada, Karkasha, Bijagarbha.
Unani Parwal.

Family Cucurbitaceae.

Tridax procumbens Linn. 673

Siddha Kommu Patolia.
Action Aerial parts—hypoglycaemic. Fruits—juice of unripe fruits used in spermatorrhoea.
Leaves—febrifuge; prescribed as a diet in enlargement of liver and spleen; piles and fistula. Root— cathartic, febrifuge.
The fruits contain free amino acids, nicotinic acid, riboflavin, vitamin C, thiamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine. Mature plant and root gave cucurbita-5, 24-dienol. Colocynthin, trichosanthin, hentriacontane have been isolated from the root.
Fatty acids from the seeds comprise elaeostearic, linoleic, oleic and saturated acids.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage