apigenin-6-8-di-C-monoglucoside and its monoacetate; also contain triacontane, 22,23-dihydrostigmasterol, choline and betaine; sap onins on hydrolysis gave yuccagenin and diosgenin.
Trigonella foenum-graecum
Linn.
Family
Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Widely cultivated in many parts of India.
English Fenugreek.
Ayurvedic Methikaa, Methi,
Vastikaa, Selu, Methini, Dipani, Bahupatrikaa, Bodhaini, Gandhaphala.

Unani Hulbaa, Methi.

Trigonella incisa Benth. 675

Siddha/Tamil Vendhayam.
Action Seeds—used in loss of appetite, flatulence, dyspepsia, colic; diarrhoea, dysentery; enlargement of liver and spleen; and as a lactagogue and puerperal tonic.
Key application German Commission E reported secretolytic, hypermic and mild antiseptic activity of the seed. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia reported its actions as demulcent and hypoglycaemic. ESCOP and WHO monographs indicate the use of seeds in adjuvant therapy for diabetes mellitus, anorexia, also in hypercholesterolaemia.
The seeds gave alkaloids, including trigonelline, gentianine and carpaine; saponins, based mainly on the sapogenins, diosgenin and its isomer yamogenin, gitogenin and tigogenin; flavonoids, including vitexin and its glycosides and esters and luteolin; a volatile oil in small quantities. The mucilage (25—30%) is mostly a galactomannan.
A C steroidal sapogenin peptide ester, fenugreekine, exhibited hypoglycaemic activity.
About 80% of the total content of free amino acids in the seeds is present as 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which appears to directly stimulate insulin.
(Eur I Pharmacol, 390, 2000; Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Saponin rich extracts reduce blood levels of the cholesterol. The fibrous fraction of seeds also causes a reduction in blood lipids.

The aqueous extract is demulcent, promoted healing of gastric ulcers produced experimentally in rats and exhibited a smooth muscle relaxing effect in rabbits without affecting either the heart or blood pressure.
Fenugreek has been reported to stimulate the liver microsomal cytochrome P450 dependent aryl

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage