Triticum aestivum Linn.

Habitat Cultivated as a food crop mainly in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh., Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar and Rajasthan.

English Wheat.

Ayurvedic Godhuuma.

Folk Gehun.

Action Wheat germ oil is rich in tocopherol (vitamin E) content, total tocopherols 1897 mcg!g, alpha tocopherol 67%. The presence of ergosterol (provitamin D) has also been reported.
Wheat germ is also used for its minerals, proteins and lipid contents. Germ proteins are rich in lysine (5.28— 5.55 g!lOO g protein) and possess high biological value (94%) and protein efficiency ratio (2.9).
Wheat germ contains haemagglutinating and antipyretic factors, but these are destroyed by toasting. It also contains haemoproteins, possessing peroxidase activity.
In adult rats, addition of whe at germ (7%) to a high fat (cholesterol) diet significantly decreased VLDL cholesterol and VLDL-triglycerides and increased the HDL-cholesterol after-7 weeks of feeding.
Bran oil contains tocopherols, but major part of them (68%) is in epsilon form; alpha-to copherol forms only 11% of the total.
Gluten lipids, associated with gluten, contain a high percentage of linoleic acid; lowering of serum cholesterol level has been observed in experiments (lipid-free gluten is devoid of cholesterol-lowering effect).

Family Gram ineae; Poaceae.

Tulipa gesneriana Linn. 677

Sensitivity to gluten has also been reported (even when whole wheat flour was used).
Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Synonym T angulata Lam. Family Tiliaceae.
Habitat Throughout tropical and subtropical India, up to 1,200 m in the Himalayas.
English Burbush, Burweed.
Ayurvedic Jhinjhireetaa, Gippit.
Siddha/Tamil Ottupullu.
Folk Chikti, Biriyaaraa.
Action Leaves and bark—astringent, anticholerin, demulcent. Used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Root— styptic, diuretic, galactogenic. Hot infusion facilitates childbirth and hastens parturition. Pounded roots

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage