Unani Banafashaa (related species).
Action Herb—anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, expectorant, diuretic, antirheumatic, alterative. Used for bronchitis, rheumatism, chronic skin disorders and for preventing capillary haemorrhage when under corticosteroid therapy. Root— antidysenteric; used as a substitute for Cephaelis ipecacuanha.
Key application Externally in mild seborrheic skin diseases and milk scall in children. (German Commission E.) The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia recognizes the herb as an expectorant and dermatological agent.
The herb contains rutin, violin and salicylic acid. The flower contains rutin, quercetin, violanthin (6,8-digly- coside of apigenin), violaxanthin, phydroxycinnamic acid and delphinidin. A flavone C-glycoside-saponarin has also been obtained from flowers. Flowers, in addition, contain 15-cis- violaxanthin.
The herb exhibits anticoagulant property and diminishes the aggregation of platelets. It can be used as a preventive measure against thrombosis.
Viola tricolor Linn.
Viscum album Linn.
Synonym V costatum Gamble.
Family Viscaceae; Loranthaceae.
708 Viscum articulatum Burm.
Habitat Temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal between 1,200
and 2,700 m (a semiparasitic plant).
English European Mistletoe.
Ayurvedic Bandaaka, Suvarnabandaaka. Vrikshaadani (substitute).
Unani Kishmish Kaabuli.
Action Vasodilator, cardiac depressant, tranquiliser, stimulates the vagus nerve which slows the pulse, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, immune enhancer, antineoplastic. Used for hypertension and tachycardia, as a nervine tonic.
The extract of leafy twigs is anti- inflammatory exerting an action upon capillary permeability and oedema. It stimulates granulation and the neoformation of connective tissue.
Key application For treating degenerative inflammation of the joints by stimulating cutivisceral reflexes following local inflammation brought about by intradermal injections; as palliative therapy for malignant tumour through non-specific stimulation. (German Commission E.)