leaves gave the flavonoids—artemetin, luteolin, orientin, casticin; and iridoid glycosides, aucubin and agnuside. The fruits contain an alkaloid, vitricin.
Vitrosin A and vitexicarpin, isolated from the plant, blocked spontaneous contraction of isolated guinea-pig trachea induced by histamine.
(Planta Med, 2002, Nov., 68/11).
The leaves are reported to improve memory and favour hair growth. Leaf extract showed significant antitumour activity in the murine tumour system.
Vitis vinif era Linn.
Habitat A woody, shrubby vine, cultivated in Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu for edible fruits.


712 Vocanga foetida (Blume) Rolfe.

English Wine Grape, European Grape. (Chinese: P’u-t’ao.)
Ayurvedic Draakshaa, Go-stani, Mrdvikaa. Dehydrated fruit— Daalth, Munnakaa, Kishmish.
Unani Angoor. Dehydrated
fruit—Daakh, Maweez, Zabeeb,
Munaqqaa, Kishmish.
Siddha Draksha.
Action Dried fruits, seedless— nourishing and invigorating. Used in prescriptions for cough, respiratory tract catarrh, subacute cases of enlarged liver and spleen; and in alcohol-based tonics (Aasavs).
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of In di recommends dried mature fruits
(5—10 g) in anaemia, jaundice, dyspep sia constipation, haemorrhagic dis eases gout, cough, dyspnoea, and al coholism. Grape vine contains flavonoids, tan nins tartrates, inositol, carotenes, cho lin and sugars. The fruit contains tar tari and malic acids, sugars, pectin,
tannin, flavone glycosides, vitamins A,
Bi, B2, C and minerals; anthocyanins
_______ in red leaves and red grapes. Antho V cyanins reduce capillary permeability. Red leaves are astringent and anti- inflammatory; an infusion is used for diarrhoea, heavy menstrual bleeding and uterine haemorrhage; also in the treatment of varicose veins and haemorrhoids.
Oligomeric proanthocyanidin extract of the seed is used in atherosclerosis due to its free radical scavenging ability, also in venous insufficiency,

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage