Ventilago madraspatana

Family Rhamnaceae.

Habitat Maharashtra and South India.
Ayurvedic Taamravalli, Kaivartikaa, Vaamataruni.
Siddha/Tamil Pappili-chaka, Vempadam, Sural-pattai.
Folk Kevati.
Action Root bark—carminative, stomachic, febrifuge; used in atonic dyspepsia, debility and skin diseases. The plant is used against scabies.
The roots contain anthraquinones, ventinones A and B, physcion and


Ayurvedic Raktavalli.

698 Vepris bilocularis (Wight & Am.) Engi.

chrysophanol. The root bark afforded naphthalene derivatives and several naphthaquinones, anthraquinones— islandicin, emodin, xanthorin and its 5-methyl ether.
In South India,
V bombaiensis Dalz. is found in Mukkali forest, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu, and V goughii in Coorg, Nilgiris and Kurnool.
Vepris bilocularis
(Wight & Am.) Engi.
Synonym Toddalia bilocularis Wight & Am.
Family Rutaceae.
Habitat North Kanara, forests of Malabar, Annamalai and
Travancore, up to 1,200 m.
Ayurvedic Krishna-Agaru. (In South India V bilocularis is used as Krishna-Agaru and Dysoxylum labricum Bedd. ex Hiern as
Siddha/Tamil Devadaram.
Wood—extract in oil is used for rheumatic swellings and skin diseases. Root—used for
Alkaloids from stem bark included kokusaginine, skimmianine, flindersiamine, evoxanthine, N-methylacridone derivatives, maculine and veprisone. The leaves contain a triterpenoid, lupeol.

Habitat The temperate regions of northern hemisphere; introduced in Jammu and Kashmir for

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage