Leaf—alterative, febrifuge. Seeds— anti-inflammatory, emetic, diuretic, emmenagogue.
Though known as Desi Asgandh, the root is not used in Indian medicine. Ashwagandhaa (Bengali) and Ashwagandhi (Kannada) are confusing synonyms of
W coagulans. In the market no distinction is made between the berries of W coagulans and W somn fera.
The berries contain a milk-coagulating enzyme, esterases, free amino acids, fatty oil, an essential oil and alkaloids. The amino acid composition fairly agrees with that of papain. The essential oil was active against Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus and Vibro cholerae; also showed anthelmintic activity.
The withanolides, withacoagin, coagulan and withasomidienone have

been isolated from the plant, along with other withanolides and withaferin. 3- beta-hydroxy-2,3- dthydrowithanolide E, isolated from the fruit showed significant hepatoprotective activity and anti-inflammatory activity equal to hydrocortisone. The ethanolic extract of the fruit showed antifungal and that of the leaves and stem antibacterial activity.
Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz. Synonym Wfloribunda Salisb. Family Lythraceae.
Habitat Throughout North India, rather scarce in South India.
English Fire-flame Bush, Shiranjitea.
Ayurvedic Dhaataki, Dhaatri, Kunjaraa, Taamrapushpi, Bahupushpi, Vahnijwaalaa.
Siddha/Tamil Velakkai.
Action Dried flower—purifies blood, heals ulcers, astringent, prescribed in haemetemesis, erysipelas, dysentery, diarrhoea, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea. Flowers are used in alcohol-based tonics for fermentation (a yeast strain, saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been isolated). Bark—uterine sedative.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the flower in acute diarrhoea, haemorrhages, ulcerations and erysipelas.
The dried flowers are powdered and sprinkled over ulcers and wounds. The flowers also enter into an ointment used on pustules of smallpox.

ci

720 Wrightia tinctoria R. Br.

In small doses the plant stimulates, while in large doses depresses the central nervous system.
The flowers and leaves gave polyphenols—ellagic acid, polystachoside and myricetin-3 -galactoside. Flowers also gave anthocyanins—pelargonidin3,5-diglucoside and cyanidin—3,5-di- glucoside; octacosanol, chrysophanol-8-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside and beta- sitosterol. Hecogenin, mesoinositol and flavone glycosides—quercetin3-rhamnoside, naringenin-7-glucoside and kaempferol, have been reported from flowers.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage