prescribed for dyspepsia, also for asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism and toothache.
Alkaloids, xanthoxyphyllin and corydine and a lactone 3,5-bis furan 2- one have been isolated from the roots. Stem bark gave zanoxyline and rhetsinine. Dried branches with bark gave lignans (sesamin, eudesmin and
epieudesmin), fluoroquinolone alkaloid gamma-fagarine, triterpenoid lupeol, beta- sitosterol and syringaresinol.

Zataria multiflora Boiss.

Family Labiatae.

Habitat Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Imported into India.
English b Wild Thyme.
Unani Saatar Faarsi, Al-Saatar, Origanon.
Action Herb—stimulant, antiinflammatory, anodyne, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, anthelmintic, antilithic. Detoxifies liver, stomach and intestines. Used for inflammatory conditions of the liver.

Essential oil contained phenols 69% (consisted mainly of carvacrol and traces of thymol) and nonphenols 31% (including p- cymene, cineol, borneol, zatarinol). Besides essential oil, the drug contains alkanes, beta-sitosterol, betulin, fatty acids and triterpenic ke tones.

Zea mays Linn.

Family Gram ineae; Poaceae.

Habitat Native to South America.
Grown as a food crop mainly in
Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya
Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh
and Jammu and Kashmir.
English Maize, Corn, Indian Corn.
Ayurvedic Mahaa-Kaaya.
Unani Makkaa, Zurraa Makkaa.
Action Corn Silk—diuretic,
urinary demulcent, antilithic. Used for cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis, irritation of the urinary tract by phosphatic and uric acids, nephritis, uncontrollable bladder, retention, pus in the urine, bed-wetting.
The corn silk gave saponins; alantom; sterols, especially beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol; alkaloid hordenine; polyphenols; mucilage; potassium; vitamin C and K; cryptoxanthin, anthocyanins, plant acids, tannin.
The glycoproteins, seperated from corn silk, inhibited IgE antibody formation and enhanced IgG and

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage