gave saponins梛ujubosides A and B; the saponin yields the sapogenin梛ujubogenin.
A variety grown in Haryana (Naazuka) contains sugars 10.5% and ascorbic acid 205 mg!100 g.
Dosage Dried fruit pulp, devoid of seed𦠮 g; stem bark3 5 g powder, 1020 g for decoction.
(API, Vol. III.)

Ziziphus jujuba Mill.

Synonym Z. sativa Gaertn. Z. vulgaris Lam.

Family Rhamnaceae.

Habitat Native to North China. Also found in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, up to 1,950 m, eastwards to West Bengal.

English Chinese Tsao.

Unani Unnaab.

Action Fruit梐 nourishing,
tonic, emollient, antitussive,
antiallergic; protects liver and
prevents stress ulcer formation.
Seed梪sed for dry cough and
skin eruptions. Kernel梪sed in
insomnia. Bark梪sed for ulcers
and wounds.
The leaves contain the flavonoids, 3-0-glucosides, rutinosides and diglu coside

of quercetin, rhamnetin and eriodictyol, also C-glucosides. The bark yields cyclopeptide alkaloids sativanines A, B, C-G; also alkaloids frangulanine, nummularine B and mucronine D. The berries gave saponins of dammaran type, known as Sisyphus saponins; jujubosides, zizybeosides and zizyvyosides, together with pentacyclic triterpenoids. Flavonoids include naringenin glycosides, vomifoloil and roseoside. (Also see WHO monograph.)
Antiallergic activity is due to high levels of both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP in the fruit extract. Sedative activity and
in vitroantitumour activity has been shown experimentally. Seed extract produces a transient fall in blood pressrue and a prolongation of thiobarbital-induced sleeping time in animals.
Ziziphus nummularia
(Burm. f) Wight & Am.
Synonym Z. rotundifolia Lam. Rhamnus nummularia Burm. f.
Family Rhamnaceae.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage