English Wild Jujube.
Ayurvedic Karkandhu.
Unani Jharber, Sadarber.
Action Fruit—cooling and
astringent. Prescribed for bilious
affections. Leaves—used in scabies
and other skin diseases.
The root bark contains 12% of tannin and cyclopeptide alkaloids—nummularines A, B and C, mucronine D

Ziziphus xylopyra Wilid. 737

and amphibine H. The leaves contain ascorbic acid. Nummularine M, R and 5, besides frangufoline have been isolated from the stem bark. Nummularine R and S showed antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria, while frangufoline was active against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The alkaloid fraction, obtained from the bark, showed significant analgesic activity.
Ziziphus oenoplia Mill.
Synonym Rhamnus oenoplia L. Family Rhamnaceae.
Habitat North India and both the Peninsulas.
English Jackal Jujube.
Ayurvedic Laghu-badara, Shrgaalabadari.
Siddha/Tamil Soorai.
Action Fruits—stomachic. Root— given for hyperacidity and ascaris infection.
Stem bark and root bark contain cyclopeptide alkaloids—zizyphines A, B, C, D, E, F and G, and zizyphinine. The bark contains 12% tannin.
Aerial parts exhibit diuretic and hypotensive activity.
Ziziphus rugosa Lam.
Family Rhamnaceae.
Habitat Sub-Himalayan tract from Kumaon eastwards, Bihar, Assam, in Central and South India.

Siddha/Tamil Charai Kattu Ilandai, Kottaimaram, Todari.
Folk Churnaa, Sekaraa (Bihar); Torana (Gujarat).
Action Bark—astringent, antidiarrhoeal. Flowers—used in prescriptions for menorrhagia. Stem and fruit—hypotensive.
The bark contains vanillic acid, betulin, betulinic acid, kaempferol, quercetin, myricetin, apigenin and

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage