Annona squamosa Linn.

     Family Annonaceae.

Habitat A native to South America and the West Indies; now cultivated throughout India.
English Custard Apple, Sugar Apple, Sweet-sop.
Ayurvedic Gandagaatra, Sitaa phala (also equated with Curcurbita maxima).
Unani Sharifaa.
Siddha/Tamil Sitaaphalam, Atta.
Action Leaves—insecticide (seed powder, mixed with leaf juice is used for removing lice from scalp). Seeds—abortifacient. Root— purgative, used in blood dysentery.


Folk Luvuni.

54 Anogeissus latifolia Wall. ex Bedd.

Fruit—invigorating, sedative to heart, antibilious, antiemetic, expectorant. Dried, powdered unripe fruits—used for treating ulcers. Ripe fruit made into paste with betel leaves is applied to tumour to hasten suppuration. Leaves, bark, unripe fruit—strongly astringent; used for diarrhoea and dysentery.
A fraction of total alkaloid from roots exhibits antihypertensive, antispasmodic, antthistaminic and bronchodilatory properties. Leaves contain a cardiotonic alkaloid, quinoline. Squamone and bullatacinone were selectively cytotoxic to human breast carcinoma.
In Cuban medicine, leaves are taken to reduce uric acid levels.
Anogeissus latifolia
Wall. ex Bedd.
     Family Corn bretaceae.
Habitat Central and southern India.
English Axle-wood, Button tree, Ghatti tree.
Ayurvedic Dhava, Dhurandhara, Shakataahya. Indravrksha (A. acurninata Wall. ex Bedd. is a related sp. of Dhava).

Unani Dhaawaa.

Siddha/Tamil Veilaynaga.

Folk Ghatti (Gum).

Action Astringent, cooling, used in diarrhoea, dysentery, ulcers, piles, urinary disorders and dysuria. Gum—used as a tonic after delivery.

The leaves, bark and heartwood yield quinic and shikmik acids; leaves contain gallotannin (90—95% of

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage