Aphanamixis polystachya
(Wall.) Parker.
Synonym Amoora rohituka W. and

A.

     Family Meliaceae.

Habitat The sub-Himalayas tracts, Sikkim, Assam, Bengal, western Chats and the Andamans.
Ayurvedic Rohitaka, Daadimachhada, Daadima-pushpaka, Plihaghna.
Tecoma undulata G. Don., Bignoniaceae, is also equated with Rohitaka.
Siddha/Tamil Malampuluvan.
Action b Bark—strongly astringent, used in the diseases of the liver and spleen, and for tumours, enlarged glands. Seed oil—used in muscular pains and rheumatism. All parts of the plant exhibit pesticidal activity. Seed extract—antibacterial, antifungal.

An aqueous extract of the bark, when injected i.p. in normal guinea pigs, showed reduction in absolute lymphocyte count and an increase in spleen weight. The bark appears to be an effective immunosuppressive drug similar to prednisolone.
The stembark contains a limonoid, ammorinin and a saponin, poriferasterol-3-rhamnoside.

Apium graveolens Linn.

     Family Umbellferae; Apiaceae.

Habitat Native to Europe; cultivated in northwestern Himalayas and in hills of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and southern India.
English Celery.
Ayurvedic Ajmodaa, Ajmoda, Ajmodikaa, Dipyaka.
Unani Karafs.
Siddha/Tamil Celery-keerai.
Folk b Ajmodaa.
Action Anti-inflammatory (used in rheumatic disorders, inflammation of the urinary tract), diuretic, carminative, nervine, sedative, antiemetic, antispasmodic, antisep - tic (used in bronchitis, asthma, as well as liver and spleen diseases), emmenagogue. Essential oil from seeds—tranquilizer, anticonvulsant, antifungal. Seeds are used in the treatment of chronic skin disorders including psoriasis.
Key application b As diuretic.
(The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. 57

Celery yields an essential oil (3%), major constituent being d-limonene (50%) and phathalides and beta-

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage