The seeds contain hallucinogens including ergonovine, isoergine (isolysergic acid amide) and ergine (lysergic acid amide). Four to eight seeds are equivalent to 10—100 mcg of LSD, a potent serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) agonist. The effects last 6—8 h. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Dosage Root—3—5 g powder. (CCRAS.)
Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. Synonym A. bracteata Retz.
     Family Aristolochiaceae.
Habitat Uttar Pradesh, Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and western
peninsular India.
English Bracteated Birthwort.
Ayurvedic Kitamaari, Dhumrapatraa, Naakuli.
Unani Kiraamaar.
Sidd ha/Tam ii Aadutheendaappaalai, Kattusuragam.
Action Oxytocic, abortifacient, emmenagogue.

Leaves and fruit contain ceryl alcohol, aristolochic acid and beta-sitosterol. Aristolochic acid is insecticidal, poisonous, nephrotoxic. Leaf juice— vermifuge. Seeds—strong purgative. Products containing aristolochic acid are banned in the U.S., Canada, Great Britain, European countries and Japan.
The seed compounds, aristolochic acid and magnoflorine, induce contractions in the isolated uterus of pregnant rat and stimulate the isolated ileum of guinea pig. They also activate the muscarinic and serotonergic receptors in a variety of organs. Magnoflorine decreases arterial blood pressure in rabbits, and induces hypothermia in mice.
See also
A. longa.
Aristolochia indica Linn.
     Family
Aristolochiaceae.
Habitat Throughout the country, mainly in the plains and lower hilly regions.
English The Indian Birthwort.
Ayurvedic Ishvari, Gandhnaakuli, Naagadamani, Arkamuula.
Unani Zaraavand-Hindi.
Siddha/Tamil Adagam.
Folk Isarmuula, Isrola.
Action Oxytocic, abortifacient, emmenagogue.
Aristolochia sp. contain aristolochic acids and aristolactams.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage