agent; C-glycosyl chromone appears to reduce topical inflammation. Aloe gel also slows or inhibits the synthesis of thromboxane, which may accelerate the healing of burns. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)

Alpinia officinarum Hance 37

Dosage Leaf pulp juice—l0—20 ml. (CCRAS.) Dried leaf pulp juice— 125—500 mg powder. (API Vol. I.)
Alpinia galanga Wild.
     Family Zingiberaceae.
Habitat The Himalayas and southern region of western Ghats.
b Greater Galangal. Ayurvedic Kulanjana, Sthuulagranthi, Sugandhaa, Ugragandhaa, Malaya Vachaa, MahaabhariVachaa. Substitute for Raasnaa (Pluchea lanceolata).

Unani Khulanjaan.

Siddha/Tamil Perarattai.

Action Rhizome—carminative (in dyspepsia), stomachic, circulatory stimulant, diaphoretic, anti- inflammatory.
Throughout southern India, the rhizome of
Alpinia galanga is used as Raasnaa for rheumatism, intermittent fever, dyspepsia and respiratory ailments. (In the north, Vanda tessellata or Pluchea lanceolata is used as Raas naa.)
EtOH extract of the plant shows anti-inflammatory activity. The ethanolic extract also showed significant anti- ulcer activity in rats, which has been attributed to the antisecretory and cytoprotective properties of the plant.
Major constituents of the essential oil are methyl cinnamate, cineole and d-pinene. In moderate doses, the oil exhibits antispasmodic action.
Unani physicians use
A. galanga as a sex tonic. In mice, the drug caused

a significant gain in the weight of sexual organs and increased sperm motility and sperm count.
Plants used as Raasnaa in Indian medicine:
Alpinia galanga Wild. (Zingiberaceae) in southern India; Pluchea lanceolata C. B. Clarke (Compositae; Asteraceae) in Uttar Pradesh; Vanda roxburghii R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in eastern Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal; Blepharispermum subsessile DC. (Compositae; Asteraceae) in Madhya Pradesh; and Dodonaea viscosa (Linn.) Jacq. (Sapindaceae) in Andhra Pradesh.
Dosage Rhizome—1—3 g powder. Decoction—50—l00 ml.
Alpinia malaccensis Rosc.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage