Action Stembark and fruit— antiepileptic.
The plant is a rich source of indole aLkaloids. Major alkaloids in the stem- bark are alstovenine, venenatine, 3- dehydroalstovenine, reserpine (0.003— 0.3%), venoxidine and kopsinine.
Alstovenine, in lower doses, exhibits monoamine oxidase inhibitor activity; in higher doses, shows marked central stimulant effect (reversal of reserpine effects). Venenatine exhibits reserpinelike profile of activity (sedation, ptosis, reduction in motor activity).
The fruit contains vincadifformine type of aLkaloids. Echitovenidine, the

major alkaloid, shows monoamine oxidase-inhibitory activity both in vitro and in vivo.

Alternanthera sessilis
(Linn.) R. Br. ex DC.

Synonym A. triandra Lam. A. denticulata R. Br.
A. repens Gmel. Non-Link.
     Family Amaranthaceae.

Habitat Throughout the hotter parts of India, especially around tanks and ponds.
Ayurvedic Matsyaakshi, Matsyaakshika (a multimeaning name, also indicating Braahmi, Amdri), Matsyagandhaa, Matsyaadini, Minaakshi, Bahli, Gandali, Gartkalambukaa, Vaahlikaa.
Unani Machhechhi.
Siddha/Tamil Ponnonkanni keerai.
Folk Gudari Saag.
Action Febrifuge, galactagogue, cholagogue.
Along with other therapeutic applications,
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of dried whole plant in diseases due to vitiated blood and obstinate skin diseases.
Young shoots contain protein 5% and iron 16.7 mg!l00 g. Leaves also contain a good amount of alpha- and beta-tocopherols.
The plant gave stigmasterol, betasitosterol, a saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon and aliphatic ester.
Dosage Whole plant—2—6 g powder. (API Vol. II.)


40 Althaea officinalis Linn.

Althaea off icinalis Linn.
Habitat Native to eastern Europe; found in Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage