English Marshmallow, Hollyhock.
Unani Khatmi, Gul-Khairu (also equated with Althaea rosea Linn.).
Siddha/Tamil Shemai-tutti.
Action Demulcent, emollient, antitussive (used for cough, bronchitis, gastritis, enteritis and cystitis), antilithic, diuretic.
Key application (leaf and root) In irritation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa and associated dry cough; in mild inflammation of the gastric mucosa. (German Commission E, ESCOP.) As demulcent. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.) In gastroenteritis, peptic and duodenal ulceration, common and ulcerative colitis. (The British Herbal Compendium.) Topically for varicose veins, skin ulcers, abscesses, cuts, burns.
Althaea rosea (L.) Cay., synonym Alcea rosea L., Hollyhock flower, is used as mucilage for prophylaxis and therapy of diseases and discomforts of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract and for urinary complaints. (It is included among unapproved herbs by German Commission E.)
The root contains starch, mucilage, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, tannins and asparagines. Mucilage (18—35%) consists of a number of p olysaccharides. Flavonoids include

kaempferol, quercetin and diosmetin glucosides. Polyphenolic acids include syringic, caffeic, salcyclic, vanillic and p-coumaric acids.
The mucilages have proven biological activity including stimulation of phagocytosis
in vitro.
The root counters excess stomach acid, peptic ulceration and gastritis.

Altingia excelsa Noronha

     Family Altingiaceae.

Habitat Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
English Storax, Oriental Sweet Gum.
Ayurvedic Shilaarasa, Turushka,
Silhaka (substitute for
orientalis, Hamamelidaceae).
Siddha/Tamil Neriyurishippal.
Action Resin—carminative, stomachic, antiscorbutic expectorant, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antistress, hepatoprotective. Externally used in scabies and leucoderma.
The ethyl acetate extract of the root of
A. excelsa was studied for antistress effect in a variety of biological models of stress; also in stress-induced ulcers and CC14-induced hepatotoxicity. Antistress was the most significant pharmacological property of the Storax.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage