Amanita muscaria Linn.
†††† Family Agaricaceae; Amanitaceae.
English Fly Agaric (mushroom), Aga, Soma.

Amaranthus SpiflOSuS Linn. 41

Ayurvedic Identified as Soma of Rigveda (controversial). (Sushruta described 24 varieties of Soma and 18 other drugs as its substitutes.)
Intensely poisonous; used for intoxication.
The fungus has been used in Russia for preparing an intoxicating drink.
Toxic principles arecholine, mus carine and mycetoatropine (muscaridine). Muscarine stimulates postganglionic, cholinergic and neuroeffector junctions. The isoxazole constituents are psychoactive.
2ó4 Fly Agaric (more than 10 g fresh) are toxic; 20 (more than 100 g fresh) are lethal. (Francis Brinker.)
A. pantherina is used in Japan for intoxication.
Aga is not a true hallucinogen. The illusions are a misinterpretation of sensory stimuli due to isoxazole, ibotenic acid, muscimol, muscazone and traces of muscarine.
(Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Amaranthus blitum Linn. var. oleraceus Duthie
†††† Family
Amaranthaceae.
Habitat Throughout India.
English Trailing Amaranth, Wild Blite.
Ayurvedic Maarisha.
Siddha/Tamil Aarumathathandu, Kiraitandu.
Folk Marasaa.
Action Cooling, stomachic,
emollient. Used in biliousness,
haemorrhagic diathesis.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herbís Identification and Usage