beverage contains pyrazine compounds.

Isomultiflorenol acetate, a pentacyclic triterpene, has been isolated as the major constituent of wax coating of fruits.
Dosage Dried pieces of the fruit— 5—10 g
(API Vol. IV.) Fruit juice—
10—20 m
Berberis aristata DC.
Sub sp. B. asiatica Roxb. ex DC.
Substi. B. lycium Royle & other species.
     Family Berberidaceae.
Habitat Northwestern Himalayas, Nilgiris, Kulu and Kumaon.
English Indian Barberry.
Ayurvedic Daaruharidraa, Daaru, Daarvi, Daarunishaa, Daarurajani, Vrahitaphala, Valliphala, Sthirphala. Pushpaphala, Somakaa, Parjanyaa, Parjani, Kantkateri, Taarthya, Pachampachaa. Kaaliyaka is now equated with Pita Chandana
(Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr., Menispermaceae). Extract—Rasaanj ana.
Unani Daarhald. Rasaut (extract). Zarishk (fruit).
Siddha/Tamil Marmanjal.
Action Rasaut, Rasasranjana (extract)—bitter, cholagogue, antidiarrhoeal, stomachic, laxative, diaphoretic, antipyretic, antiseptic. Used externally in opthalmia,conjunctivitis, ulcers, sores, swollen gums. Root bark— anti-inflammatory, hypoglycaemic

Berberis vulgaris Linn. 89

hypotensive, antiamoebic, anticoagulant, antibacterial. Bark— used in liver complaints, diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera, gastric disorders, enlargement of spleen and for regulating metabolism. Berries— antiscorbutic, laxative.
Berberine hydrochloride and sulphate help in the diagnosis of latent malaria by releasing the parasites into the blood stream.
Alkaloid berberine possesses antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. It is used as an intestinal antiseptic and bitter stomachic. It also exhibits antineoplastic properties. (Its synthetic derivative dihydroberberine is used in brain tumour.)
Berberine has been found to inhibit the activity of enzymes trypsin (32%) and chymotrypsin (60%)
in in-vitro studies.
B. asiatica Roxb.ex Dc. is found in the Himalaya at 900—3,000 m, Assam and Bihar.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage